The treatment and cure of Maxillofacial Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the medical-surgical specialty that deals with the prevention, study, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of the pathology of the mouth, face and cranial facial territory, as well as the cervical organs and structures related to them. Maxillofacial surgery, also known as orthognathic surgery, refers to the medical specialty that is dedicated to the study, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of problems related to the anatomical structures of the face, skull, head, and neck, as well as of the oral cavity, jaws, and teeth. Maxillofacial Surgeon Houston coincides in many areas of treatment with the dentist but also specializes and has extensive knowledge in surgery oral and maxillofacial including complicated extractions, bone grafts and dental implants among many other treatments. Doctors specialized in oral and maxillofacial surgery can offer extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of all those problems related to the oral cavity, face and facial structure. WHEN IS MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY NECESSARY? Maxillofacial surgery is mainly necessary to solve functional and aesthetic problems caused by deformities of the facial skeleton that cause an incorrect position and contact between the teeth. Many times, orthodontics (brackets) do not give an effective solution to these problems, then it is when you have to resort to maxillofacial surgery. In this way, maxillofacial or orthognathic surgery provides solutions in many cases to people with problems of “malocclusion" (a bad placement of our teeth that does not allow the denture to fit correctly), as well as a bad position or decompensation with regard to the size of the upper jaw and the jaw, generating an imbalance in the facial aspect. Thus, the main objective of maxillofacial surgery is to achieve a good stability of the occlusion in order to obtain optimum functionality and buccofacial aesthetics of the patient. WHAT ARE THE PHASES OF MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY? Maxillofacial Surgeon Houston TX is divided into four phases: 1. Study and planning. The first thing is to obtain an accurate diagnosis to plan the entire process in detail, it must be done jointly by the surgeon and the orthodontist. In this phase, a facial analysis, model analysis, radiographs, soft tissue study, and three-dimensional study are performed. In this way, the features that must be modified are correctly evaluated. 2. Orthodontics. Orthodontics will be applied before the operation, its main function is to rectify the bad dental placement, this phase usually lasts approximately 18 months and is fundamental and inevitable. 3. Surgical intervention. This is the phase where the occlusion of the patient's teeth is correctly placed, general anesthesia is used, which implies a brief hospitalization. 4. Postoperative. The postoperative period involves an inflammation of the area that can remain between 6 weeks and 6 months, varies depending on the recovery capacity of each person. It is advisable to apply ice packs, sleep with your head elevated, and increase physical activity to help and speed up the healing process. It is important to take into account the long-term maintenance of the treatment performed. For this, it is essential to start from a correct planning phase, observe and control all aspects and apply the appropriate treatment and protocol, and the placement of retention after treatment, to maintain the correct dental position that Maxillofacial Surgeon Houston TX have achieved.
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